Other Common Names: Red Columbine, Canada Columbine, Rock Columbine
Wild Columbine was present in our yard the first spring we lived here. It had been relegated to the fence edge because the yard was mowed. Since converting the yard to native plantings, it has successfully seeded and moved inwards into the yard.
"This graceful flower enlivens us all through the months of May and June by its brilliant blossoms of deep red and golden yellow." (Studies of Plant Life in Canada, C. Traill, 1906)
Wild Columbine flowers are 5 parted with interesting long hollow nectar spurs. The tops of the 5 sectioned seed capsules dry and open, and the shiny black seed is wind dispersed.
Wild Columbine foliage is similar to Early Meadow Rue, a softly lobed, 2-3 parted leaf arranged alternately on the flower stem.
|Wild Columbine against our fence|
Wild Columbine prefers dry to mesic soils and the edges of woodlands or in open rocky habitats.
It is native to eastern North America, from Saskatchewan south to Texas and eastwards. It is listed as endangered in Florida.